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The banking concept of education

Banking education is is a term coined by Paulo Friere_ a Brazilian educator and influential theorist of critical pedagogy_ in his famous book (Pedagogy of the Oppressed). As opposed to Libertarian education, banking education considers students as empty vessels into which knowledge can be deposited ( just like deposits in a bank). In this type of education, the teacher ' knows', that's he is the only source of knowledge. This is reminiscent of the notion in Illich of the teacher as the deliverer of educational packages to the students. they are deprived of first hand knowledge. They just repeat what they were given, in Friere words' They are 'filed away'. The teacher assumes that students ' know nothing', he projects '' absolute ignorance'' onto students. This type of education fosters passivity and renders students blind dependent and slaves to their master, the teacher.

The student Teacher relationship within this framework:
a. the teacher teaches and the students are taught;
b. the teacher knows everything and the students know nothing;
c. the teacher thinks and the students are thought about;
d. the teacher talks and the students listen—meekly;
e. the teacher disciplines and the students are disciplined;
f. the teacher chooses and enforces his choice, and the students comply;
g. the teacher acts and the students have the illusion of acting through the action of the teacher;
h. the teacher chooses the program content, and the students (who were not consulted) adapt to it;
i. the teacher confuses the authority of knowledge with his own professional authority, which he sets in opposition to the freedom of the students;
j. the teacher is the Subject of the learning process, while the pupils are mere objects.''

                                           Watch this video to learn more

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