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4 Efficient ways to Create Learning Objectives

learning objectives are a critical part of a standard based curricular and instructional system.Knowing how to construct appropriate learning objectives is an important responsibilty of teachers.In order to understand what learning objectives are,we need to take a step back and understand what goals are.Goals are general statements of desired learning.they describe summative outcomes of what students should know and be able to do.Academic content standards are goals for students'learning.Learning objectives are specific statements of what students should know, be able to do, and understand at the end of a lesson.

Like a hurdler, the goal is to win a race, but the objective is to get over the hurdle
 
1.Learning objectives are students-centered describing outcomes not activities
                     Incorrect/Non-example
This non-example of a student centered learning objective shows that the student is being passive by just hearing.The focus of this objective is the teacher since the action of the objective is a lecture by the teacher.






            Correct example
In this correct example of a student centered learning objective, even though the student is observing a lecture or a demonstration, the objective is the student completing a graph








2.Learning objectives are written in a specific and purposeful way that guide teacher lesson planning and communicate students daily learning outcomes.
3.Learning goals are SMART oriented

Learning goals need to be:
S:  Specific
M: Measurable
A: Attainable
R: Results-oriented
T:  Time-bound

     A.Learning goals should be specific.they should state exactly what is to be accomplished by students.
              Not specific learning objective
This learning objective is not specific since taking notes is just an activity that has little potential for learning








  Specific learning objective
This learning objective that is specific shows the action that the student will take to demonstrate learning.Creating a graphic organizer is the act of the students and will show students'learning








    B.Learning objectives should be measurable to define acceptable levels of learning


Learning objectives should establish concrete criteria for what students should know,be able to do, and understand.Measurable learning objectives state the outcomes that can be assessed in a definite and specific way




     Non-measurable learning objective
This is a learning objective that is not measurable.It is not clear that students are to learn as they discover what is an indeterminate number of things that exist in a meadow.







   Measurable learning objective
This is an example of a learning objective that is measurable.It requires students to describe 12 plant species and 12 animal species










C.Learning objectives should be attainable and realistic giving students a chance for success


D.Learning objectives should be relevant/result oriented
   Not relevant/results-oriented learning objective
This example is not relevant or results-oriented.It doesn't represent any results-oriented statements that show learning outcomes.even though it mentions the Internet which is a relevant and interesting learning activity,it's not focused on using the Internet in a way that is interesting to students
  Relevant/results-oriented learning objective
This example is both relevant and results- oriented.It is relevant because it has students doing the interesting Internet work.This objective is results-oriented because it asks students to locate five reliable  sources about a specific topic and thus is an outcome of students'efforts
    E. Learning objectives should be time-bound

Learning objectives must have a specific ending point so that what students should do know,are able to do,and understand can be formatively measured
     Not time-bound learning objective
This learning objective is not time-bound since it doesn't specify when students will complete the evaluation
   Time-bound learning objective
By adding the phrase ''At the end of the experiment'' to the previous example,the learning objective becomes time-bound









4.Learning objective using Bloom's taxonomy

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